The four steps are as follows.
• STEP ONE: Going from Poor to Fair - concentrate on the '3Rs' to bring all schools up to a minimum level.
• STEP TWO: Going from Fair to Good - invest in good systems and develop strong and effective performance data, put in good financing, organisational infrastructure, accountability etc.
• STEP THREE: Going from Good to Great - invest in teachers and professional development so that teaching "becomes a profession like law or medicine".
• STEP FOUR: Going from Great to Excellent - move the "locus of improvement from the centre to the schools themselves", facilitate school-to-school and teacher-to-teacher peer-based learning, encourage system-sponsored innovation and experimentation.