The Sutton Trust research suggests that feedback is best directed at the task and process level and should be:
- about challenging tasks or goals (rather than easy ones);
- given sparingly (i.e. needs to be meaningful);
- more important to give feedback about what is right than what is wrong;
- important to be as specific as you can and, if possible, compare what they are doing right now with what they have done wrong before; and
- it should encourage them, and not threaten their self-esteem.