Research suggests that there are seven essential components, all interrelated.
- Character - a fundamental sense of right and wrong that helps children make wise choices, contribute to the world, and become stable adults.
- Competence - the ability to handle situations effectively.
- Confidence - the solid belief in one's own abilities.
- Connection - close ties to family, friends, school, and community give children a sense of security and values that prevent them from seeking destructive alternatives to love and attention.
- Contribution - when children realize that the world is a better place because they are in it, they will take actions and make choices that improve the world. They will also develop a sense of purpose to carry them through future challenges.
- Coping - children who learn to cope effectively with stress are better prepared to overcome life's challenges.
- Control - when children realise that they can control their decisions and actions, they're more likely to know that they have what it takes to bounce back.